From this one other writings of later civilizations could have begun. These are the findings of science, which, however, have not penetrated into the general consciousness. Although already in 1995, a Serbian scientist prof. Radivoje Pešić wrote and published the work "Vinčansko writing".
Pešić analyzed the inscriptions from clay tablets found in Serbia and Romania. In these areas, in the years between 7,000 and 4000 BC, the oldest European civilization developed, and most probably worldwide.
The Vinča culture included the Danube lands north of the mouth of Marusza to the upper Morava basin in the south and the Drina River - the Danube in the west and Transylvania in the east. It also reached the areas of Central Europe and Asia Minor. Its current name comes from the first discovery made in 1908 by the Serbian archaeologist Miloje M. Vasić in the town of Vinča in the Danube, 16 km east of Belgrade. Vinč's people began to cultivate agriculture, for the first time smelt metal products (copper) and they invented writing.
The oldest mine, built by man, was also found in the Danube basin associated with this culture. The impulse for the creation of this civilization was to be the mixing of the Old European population with the haplogroup I2 and the Aryan R1a. Both elements were created by peoples whose direct heirs are Slavs. In the south with a larger share of I2, and in the north (including Poland) with the advantage of R1a.
On the Trail of Old Writing
In 1961, in the town of Tărtăria in Romania, archaeologist Nicolae Vlass discovered three clay tablets. Visible symbols on them are the oldest writing so far known. Most archaeologists agree that the plates were made about 7.5 thousand years ago, that is, long before the Sumerian period, considered so far the oldest in the world. Symbols on plates from Romania are very similar to those discovered in 1875 in the remains of old ceramics near the Serbian city of Vinča.
Clay Tablets from Tărtăria - an inscription on a round proclaim (according to some scientists): "For four priestesses of the face of god Shaue was burned senior mind deep."
However, it was only in the 90s of the last century that prof. Pešić read the alphabet that contained these findings. The letters Vinča juxtaposed with symbols of younger alphabets: Phoenician and Latin, which probably also come from the Slavic script.
Comparative Reconstruction of the Vinča Alphabet by R. Pešić
For now, over a thousand script fragments have been found in this alphabet in Greece, Bulgaria, the former Yugoslavia, Romania, eastern Hungary, Moldova and southern Ukraine. Today, it is believed that this culture created the foundations of the Minoan civilization. In the symbolism of both, you can find similar signs - a snake, bird, bee and butterfly, and a double ax. What's more, writing the Vinča culture is almost identical to the so-called linear writing "A" from Crete.
The Cradle of Human Civilization
Meanwhile, the oldest culture in Europe, discovers further surprises before its unconscious heirs. In November 2007, in southern Serbia, a metallurgical furnace was discovered with forge equipment - a copper chisel, hammer and ax. There were also cast objects.
During the archaeological work, there were also several figurines. The archeologist Julka Kuzmanović-Cvetković recognized on their basis that the women of Vinč's culture "were beautifully dressed. They also wore bracelets. "These sights were estimated at 5400-4700 BC. People who lived here then knew the mining and metallurgy industries, handicrafts and art. Also, discovered the first European spa - a thermal well, as well as numerous toys: rattles, animal figurines and clay mini-pots. Thus, the culture of Old Europe has overtaken other human civilizations for millennia.
Recognized as the oldest, Sumerian culture, it developed from around 4300 BC. A well-known archaeologist Marija Gimbutas stated that at least a thousand years earlier in Central and Eastern Europe "the local people built cities that are large population centers, with several-storey high temples, spacious houses , professional ceramics, weaving, copper and gold processing. "
The Vinča cultural area is the cradle of the Slavs. Most of the chronicles clearly state that the ancestors of the Sorbs, Czechs and Poles came to their present lands from the Danube. The latest findings of genetics, in turn, indicate that over the Elbe, Oder and Vistula began to reach over 7,000 years ago, that is, during the Vinča culture, bringing with them agriculture, crafts, beliefs and writing. They founded castles and first countries. It is time to start to discover and rebuild the current picture of human history.